History and cycles of drug use
Posted on March 19, 2014The recent interview with Columbia psychology professor Dr Carl Hart launched us off into a lively and wide-ranging discussion of - what is an addictive drug, and how do we define addiction. LSD is being studied again as a treatment tool for a number of psychological condition including anxiety. Marijuana stories continue, with more on super-potent forms, like "wax" and also more about the key medicinal component of pot, the CBD molecule. And more about heroin, and the super-powerful designer version, based on the pharmaceutical Fentanyl.
Posted on January 23, 2014Heroin is at epidemic levels in Vermont and a major concern, says its governor ... Vermont and other small states have a greater per capita heroin problem than big cities, and overdose deaths have increased dramatically. Also, calls for banning of Monster Energy Drink, following a 19 year old's death, and increased emergency room caffeine poisonings cases. Using the sweat from fingertips is the latest innovation in drug testing. And a discussion on the ongoing conflict between subscribers to the AA model of recovery vs. addiction doctors and their adherents. Also "amnesty boxes in Denver airport for MJ, and more on e-cigarettes, which have been banned in some places.
Posted on September 10, 2013
I hope you are well and enjoying the summer! I am living near Portland now, teaching at ... College.
I have always wanted to ask you this question -- did Coca Cola every have cocaine in it? I am especially interested because this question comes up in my psychology class.
Any light you can shed on the subject is most appreciated!!
Yes, on May 8, 1886 by John S. Pemberton created coca cola using the extract of the Erythroxylon coca and Cola acuminata nut to make the original Coca-Cola at Jacob's Pharmacy near Atlanta Georgia. Just before his death two years later, Pemberton sold the rights to Coca-Cola to Asa Chandler who bought out all of its stock holders over 3 years and created an international major business with the product. After passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906 and then the Harrison Narcotic Act in 1914, Coca-Cola had to replace cocaine with caffeine but still believed that it was the taste of the E coca and the C acuminata extract that was the flavoring key to its success so the continued to use the extract as a flavoring after taking all the cocaine out of it. I believe that the Federal Food and Drug Administration (the only major government watchdog not headquartered in the Washington DC/Rockville MD area) was actually set up to monitor Coca Cola to ensure that all the cocaine was indeed removed from the extract before using it as a flavoring agent. Their recipe is still a closely guarded secret but the Pure Food and Drug Act makes them at least list all of its ingredients.
Here's another one for you. 7-up was created by Charles L Grigg of the Howdy Corporation in St. Louis in 1929 just 2 weeks before the great Wall Street Crash and the Depression of the 1930. One of its ingredients was lithium citrate that was already know to be mood-stabilizing and anti-depressant drug. Perhaps also this was indirectly to counteract the various upper cola caffeinated products that had exploded in use by that time. 7-up contained lithium until 1950.
Drug history is so amazing. You should also look up the "ammonium technology" used to create "free-base" nicotine in Marlboro Cigarettes in the early 1960's.
This was said to give Marlboros more "impact" Phillip Morris' euphemism for addiction because as you know, as late as the 1990's the tobacco industry continued to claim that nicotine and tobacco were non addicting. Everybody just loved the taste of Marlboro and that why it became and maintains the most popular brand of cigarettes in America.
Hey, probably ranted off more information than you wanted to know but since I did, I thought I'd give a little history lesson.
Posted on January 22, 2013Performance-enhancing drugs - used by amateurs as well as professional athletes, crosses many fields of competition, and includes use of anabolic steroids, EPO, blood transfusions, etc. Also, designer drugs in sports and the evolution of testing, which as the Armstrong controversies have shown, can now be done years after the fact.
Posted on January 4, 2013A look back at 2012, and what 2013 might hold in drug and addiction issues, and treatment ... including the continuing stories of the new synthetics, aka bath salts, incense and potpourri -- also the continued increase in heroin use as pharmaceuticals become more costly and harder to get. And where are we in the evolution of treatment?
Posted on December 14, 2012...the day that marijuana became legal in Washington is the anniversary of repeal of The Volstead Act, which prohibited the production, sale, and transport, but not private ownership or consumption of "intoxicating liquors". The law, the 18th Amendment to the US Constitution ... was significant in the creation of powerful gangs such as those led by Al Capone in Chicago, along with rampant political corruption resulting from the various issues of making, moving and selling liquor. Marijuana was made illegal about 5 years after the repeal,